Wednesday, September 3, 2008
Pierre Herm钳 Cream Puff Dough with Gluten-free variation and modified instructions
(makes 20-24 ɣlairs)
1/2 cup (125g) whole milk
1/2 cup (125g) water
1 stick (4 ounces; 115g) unsalted butter, cut into 8 pieces
1/4 teaspoon sugar
1/4 teaspoon salt
*1 cup (140g) Rebecca Reilly GF flour mix
5 large eggs, at room temperature
1 tsp. vanilla
Chocolate glaze (see separate recipe)
Vanilla and/ or Espresso pastry cream (see separate recipe)
*Rebecca Reilly’s GF flour mix uses 2 cups brown rice flour, 2/3 cup potato starch, and 1/3 cup tapioca starch mixed together. Although you only use one cup in this recipe, I keep it on hand- it’s great for many different things.
1) In a heavy bottomed medium saucepan, bring the milk, water, butter, sugar and salt to the
2) Once the mixture is at a rolling boil, add all of the flour at once, reduce the heat to medium
and start to stir the mixture vigorously with a wooden spoon. The dough comes together very
quickly. Do not worry if a slight crust forms at the bottom of the pan, it?s supposed to. You
need to carry on stirring for a further 2-3 minutes to dry the dough. After this time the dough
will be very soft and smooth.
3) Transfer the dough into a bowl of a mixer fitted with the paddle attachment, or using your
handmixer or if you still have the energy, continue by hand. Add the eggs one at a time,
beating after each egg has been added to incorporate it into the dough.
You will notice that after you have added the first egg, the dough will separate, once again do
not worry. As you keep working the dough, it will come back all together again by the time you
have added the third egg. In the end the dough should be thick and shiny and when lifted it
should fall back into the bowl in a ribbon.
4) The dough should be still warm. It is now ready to be used for the 飬airs as directed below. Once the dough is made you need to shape it immediately.
Baking the eclairs (directions for making about 10 eclairs and freezing 10 for later):
? Cream Puff Dough Recipe (above), fresh and still warm
1) Preheat your oven to 375 degrees F (190 degrees C). Position the rack in the lower half of the oven. Line two baking sheets with waxed or parchment paper.
2) Prepare a large Ziploc gallon or quart freezer bag by cutting out 2/3 of an inch slice out of the lower corner of the bag. Fill the bag with the warm cream puff dough and pipe the dough onto the baking sheets in long, 4 to 4 1/2 inches (about 11 cm) chubby fingers.
Leave about 2 inches (5 cm) space in between each dough strip to allow them room to puff. The dough should give you enough to pipe 20-24 飬airs. Put ONE of the baking sheets in the freezer and then once the eclair dough is frozen, put them in a plastic bag back in the freezer and wash the baking sheet.
3) Slide the OTHER baking sheets into the oven and bake for 15 minutes. Rotate the baking sheet so that the front is in the back and the back is in the front. Bake for another ten minutes or until eclairs are golden and sound hollow when you tap on them. It is really important that they not be undercooked as they will deflate if so. Turn off the oven and open the door, letting them cool slowly in the oven. Place on a rack to finish cooling.
1) The 飬airs can be kept in a cool, dry place for several hours before filling, or stored in a tupperware overnight, making sure they are completely cool before you close the lid. If you store them overnight, re-crisp them in the oven for 5 minutes and let cool again before filling.
Assembling the 飬airs:
1) Slice the 飬airs horizontally, using a serrated knife and a gently sawing motion. Set aside the
bottoms and place the tops on a rack over a piece of parchment paper.
2) The glaze should be barely warm to the touch (between 95 ? 104 degrees F or 35 ? 40
degrees C, as measured on an instant read thermometer). Spread the glaze over the tops of
the 飬airs using a metal icing spatula. Allow the tops to set and in the meantime fill the
bottoms with the pastry cream.
3) Pipe or spoon the pastry cream into the bottoms of the 飬airs. I made half with Vanilla pastry cream and half with Espresso pastry cream. Make sure you fill the bottoms with enough cream to mound above the pastry. Place the glazed tops onto the pastry cream
and wriggle gently to settle them.
Notes on baking GF eclair dough:
1) Once the dough is made you need to shape it immediately.
2) You can pipe the dough and the freeze it. Simply pipe the dough onto parchment-lined baking
sheets and slide the sheets into the freezer. Once the dough is completely frozen, transfer the
piped shapes into freezer bags. They can be kept in the freezer for up to a month
Notes on assembling eclairs:
1) If you have chilled your chocolate glaze, reheat by placing it in a bowl over simmering water,
stirring it gently with a wooden spoon. Do not stir too vigorously as you do not want to create
2) The 飬airs should be served as soon as they have been filled.
VANILLA PASTRY CREAM RECIPE
2 large eggs
2 egg yolks
1/2 cup sugar
1/3 cup cornstarch
2 cups half-and-half
2 tablespoons butter, softened
2 teaspoons vanilla extract
WHISK together first 4 ingredients in a 3-quart saucepan. Gradually whisk in half-and-half. Cook over medium heat, whisking constantly, until mixture comes to a boil. Cook 1 minute or until mixture is thickened and bubbly. Remove from heat; whisk in butter and vanilla. Cover and chill 4 hours. Yield: 3 cups.
Peanut Butter Pastry Cream: Omit 2 tablespoons butter, and stir in 1/3 cup creamy peanut butter.
Coffee Pastry Cream: Stir 1 tablespoon shot of espresso in with half-and-half. (My version)
Recipe from Chocolate Desserts by Pierre Herm鼢r />(makes 1 cup or 300g)
? 1/3 cup (80g) heavy cream
? 3? oz (100g) bittersweet chocolate, finely chopped
? 4 tsp (20 g) unsalted butter, cut into 4 pieces, at room temperature
? 7 tbsp (110 g) Chocolate Sauce (recipe below), warm or at room temperature
1)In a small saucepan, bring the heavy cream to a boil. Remove from the heat and slowly begin to add the chocolate, stirring with a wooden spoon or spatula.
2) Stirring gently, stir in the butter, piece by piece followed by the chocolate sauce.
1) If the chocolate glaze is too cool (i.e. not liquid enough) you may heat it briefly in the microwave or over a double boiler. A double boiler is basically a bowl sitting over (not touching) simmering water.
2) It is best to glaze the eclairs after the glaze is made, but if you are pressed for time, you can make the glaze a couple days ahead of time, store it in the fridge and bring it up to the proper temperature (95 to 104 F) when ready to glaze.
Recipe from Chocolate Desserts by Pierre Herm鼢r />(makes 1? cups or 525 g)
? 4? oz (130 g) bittersweet chocolate, finely chopped
? 1 cup (250 g) water
? ? cup (125 g) cr譥 frae, or heavy cream
? 1/3 cup (70 g) sugar
1) Place all the ingredients into a heavy‐bottomed saucepan and bring to a boil, making sure to stir constantly. Then reduce the heat to low and continue stirring with a wooden spoon until the sauce thickens.
2) It may take 10‐15 minutes for the sauce to thicken, but you will know when it is done when it coats the back of your spoon.
1) You can make this sauce ahead of time and store it in the refrigerator for two weeks. Reheat the sauce in a microwave oven or a double boiler before using.
2) This sauce is also great for cakes, ice-cream and tarts.
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